Hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma with renal metastasis: radiologic-pathologic correlation
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Epithelioid angiomyolipoma (EAML) is a rare subtype of angiomyolipomas. Unlike the conventional angiomyolipomas, EAML often contains minimal fat which usually precludes prospective diagnosis on imaging. The imaging findings of EAML may overlap with other benign and malignant hepatic neoplasms. We report a hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma in a 47-year-old female which metastasized to the right kidney and recurred after resection in the liver. We analyze the imaging findings of EAML on ultrasound, computed tomography, positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Correlation between the imaging and histopathologic findings is made. The estimated annual growth and doubling time of the primary hepatic EAML are calculated. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first published report of positron emission tomography-computed tomography findings and annual growth rate for hepatic EAML.