Ankle Movements During Supine Kicking in Infants Born Preterm Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Background: Knowledge of musculoskeletal factors that influence supine kicking of infants born preterm has implications for early intervention. Hypotheses: Differences exist between infants born preterm and full-term in ankle kinematics during supine kicking, which are attributable to passive measures of the gastrocnemius/soleus (g/s) muscle tendon unit (MTU). Subjects: Twenty infants born full-term and 22 born preterm were measured at term, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks of age. Outcome Measures: Ankle kinematics during supine kicking and g/s MTU length. Results: Infants born preterm demonstrated less dorsiflexion, more plantar flexion, and more total ankle range during supine kicking. Gestational age explained 69% to 85% of the variability in MTU length from term to 12 weeks of age. MTU lengths explained 0% to 42% of the variance in ankle kinematics. Conclusions: Passive measures of the g/s MTU may inform clinicians about ankle kinematics in newborns to 12-week infants during supine kicking.


  • Grant-Beuttler, Marybeth
  • Heriza, Carolyn B
  • Palisano, Robert
  • Wagner, Barbara Reddien
  • Miller, Debra P
  • Karduna, Andrew

publication date

  • October 2016