Cultural adaptation and construct validation of the Arabic version of children’s assessment of participation and enjoyment and preferences for activities of children measures
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PURPOSE: To establish the construct validity and internal consistency of the Arabic Children Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) and Preferences for Activities of Children (PAC) and to determine the effects of age, gender, and disability status on diversity and intensity of participation. METHODS: The World Health Organization guidelines for translation of measures were applied to translate the CAPE and PAC, 75 children with cerebral palsy (mean age = 10.7 ± 2.9 years) and 75 children with typical development (mean age = 10.8 ± 2.7 years) completed the translated measures. The construct validity of the translated measures was demonstrated by principle component analyses in addition to the known-groups method by examining the effects of age, gender, and presence of disability on diversity and intensity scores. The internal consistencies of the extracted components were examined by Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: Four components emerged: (1) physical activities; (2) home-based activities; (3) self-improvement activities; and (4) social activities. Cronbach's alpha varied from 0.61 (social activities) to 0.83 (physical activities). Age, gender, and disability were significant determinants of types of activities. CONCLUSIONS: The Arabic CAPE and PAC are culturally valid in measuring participation of children with or without disabilities in Jordan. The child's age, gender, and disability should be considered to provide participation-based plans of care that are considerate for children and their families. Implications for rehabilitation The Arabic CAPE and PAC are culturally valid measures for participation of children with or without disabilities in Jordan. The Arabic CAPE and PAC measures can guide participation-based plans of care that are meaningful and considerate for children and their families. Child age and gender should be considered to provide appropriate activities and to facilitate participation of children with and without disabilities. Families and service providers in Jordon are encouraged to provide children opportunities to participate in desired physical, self-improvement, and social activities.
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