Healthy aging with HIV: The role of self-management support
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People living with HIV on antiretroviral treatment have significantly improved longevity, but as a result may also face increasing multimorbidity due to aging and long-term medication use. Thus, care needs for this population have evolved to require a chronic disease management approach in which self-management plays a central role. Here we highlight the importance of expanding self-management support options for people living with HIV, and discuss strategies for implementing and evaluating self-management interventions, outlining potential opportunities, challenges and solutions. We contend that standardized programs such as those offered through the Self-Management Resource Centre provide a rich opportunity to build the evidence base regarding the potential effectiveness of self-management support among people living with HIV. Thus we recommend enhancing self-management support through meaningful community-level collaboration with people with lived experience, careful assessment of process and outcome factors including who does not participate and why, attention to stigma and the specific needs of HIV priority groups, and consideration of how to extend engagement with services to address social and material needs beyond self-management program participation. We hope this reflection will serve as an aide for researchers and program managers to improve the array of evidence-based self-management support options available to people living with HIV.
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