Agoraphobia: What Westphal Really Said* Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • In 1872 Westphal described a series of patients who experienced unexpected and situational panic attacks in squares, empty streets, on bridges and in crowds. They suffered from anticipatory anxiety and a fear of sudden incapacitation. The symptoms of agoraphobia have not changed appreciably in well over a century.

publication date

  • March 1992