Influence of Nb stabilization on the recovery and recrystallization kinetics of a ferritic stainless steel with soft magnetic properties for automotive applications Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Usually niobium is added in ferritic stainless steels to avoid chromium carbides precipitation and then to improve corrosion resistance and to avoid embrittlemet. This study shows that a low Nb stabilization makes recrystallization nucleation much faster and prevents incomplete recrystallization. A qualitative interpretation, based on interaction with precipitates, is proposed and explains the main features of the softening kinetics as well as the microstructures obtained. Above a specific magnetizing frequency, the deformed state led to smaller losses than the recrystallized state. These results are believed to be attributed to a grain size effect. This leads to soft magnetic properties that makes 17%CrNb ferritic stainless steels a very interesting solution for the market of electromagnetic injection. Improving response-time of fuel injection valves is a great challenge for automotive industry in order to enhance car engine efficiency and to limit noxious gas emission.

authors

  • Meyer, Nicolas
  • Mantel, Marc
  • Dubois, PE
  • Veron, Muriel
  • Brechet, Yves
  • Geoffroy, Olivier

publication date

  • June 2013