Trisomy 21 Down syndrome Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • In a series of 374 families with Down syndrome progeny, structural chromosome rearrangements were detected in the parents of six children with regular trisomy. The aberrations were reciprocal translocations and inversions. In all three informative families, the parent who transmitted the extra chromosome was not the one with the structural rearrangement. Among the three non-informative families there was one in which both parents carried different reciprocal translocations. In two other families a chromosome aberration was detected: a triple X mother and a father with a Philadelphia chromosome. Omitting the four parents with possible biased ascertainment, 0.4% had a chromosome rearrangement. When the parents with constitutional chromosome aberrations and those with mosaicism, described previously, are combined, the frequency of chromosomally abnormal parents lies between 1.9% and 3.2%. When correlated with parental transmission of the extra chromosome, mosaicism rather than structural rearrangements appears to be of etiologic significance.

publication date

  • February 1986