Age should not be a limiting factor in laparoscopic surgery: a prospective multicenter cohort study on quality of life after laparoscopic hysterectomy
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Purpose: A prospective, multicenter cohort study was performed on the implementation of laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) in the Netherlands. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of LH on quality of life (QOL) with respect to age up to 6 months postoperatively. Patients and methods: Women with an indication for LH, either for benign conditions or early-stage low-risk endometrial cancer were included. QOL was measured before and 6 weeks and 6 months after surgery, using the 36-item Short Form Health Survey. Mean QOL values were compared to an unselected, female, Dutch reference population. A longitudinal linear mixed model was applied to assess changes in QOL over time after LH and to determine if in patients ≥65 years of age QOL scores were different. Results: Data on 116 patients were available for analysis. The median age was 54 years at time of surgery (range 34-83) with an interquartile range of 43-65 years. Six months after LH, all QOL values were higher than before surgery and were equal to or higher than those of the reference population. Older women tend to score higher on QOL preoperatively, and these scores remain high postoperatively. Conclusion: After LH, QOL improves. Older women report higher QOL values preoperatively and QOL is still high 6 months after the operation. Age does not confer a negative impact on QOL following LH and should not be the reason to refrain from laparoscopic surgery.
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