Studies of Radioaerosol Deposition in the Respiratory Tract
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Deposition of aerosols in the respiratory tract can be quantitatively and qualitatively studied by scintigraphy. The most commonly used radionuclide for this purpose is technetium-99m. The effects of various factors on particle deposition have been investigated by using radiolabeled aerosols in the past decade. Most of these studies were in vivo but some were in vitro or ex vivo. The factors examined include particle size, formulation, inhaler design, inhalation flowrate, body posture, and gravity. They have been shown to influence pulmonary deposition, nasal high flow nebulization, and intranasal delivery. A thorough understanding of the various factors is required for the advancement of respiratory-drug delivery. Scintigraphy is a powerful technique that can assist in this regard.
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