Modeling the Stress-Strain Behavior and Hot Tearing during Direct Chill Casting of an AZ31 Magnesium Billet
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Quantitative knowledge of the thermal mechanical history experienced during direct chill (DC) casting aids the scientific understanding of the process especially in terms of defect formation such as hot tearing. In this work, a thermo-mechanical finite element (FE) model has been developed to simulate the DC casting of magnesium alloy AZ31 billets. The mathematical model simulates the evolution of temperature, stress, and strain within the billet during an industrial DC casting process. These quantities were then used to calculate the evolution in pressure, and hence hot tearing tendency, within the semi-solid regime via the Rappaz-Drezet-Gremaud (RDG) criterion. The temperature predictions were validated against experimental thermocouple data measured during a plant trial at an industrial magnesium DC casting facility. In addition, the residual elastic strains predicted by the model were compared to residual strain measurements made at the Canadian Neutron Beam Centre (CNBC) located in Chalk River, Ontario, Canada using a magnesium billet produced during the industrial casting trial. The validated model was then used to quantitatively assess the impact of casting speed on the hot tearing tendency in AZ31 billets.
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