Reduced regional cerebral venous oxygen saturation is a risk factor for the cognitive impairment in hemodialysis patients: a quantitative susceptibility mapping study
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The purpose of this study was to noninvasively evaluate the changes of regional cerebral venous oxygen saturation (rSvO2) in hemodialysis patients using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) and investigate the relationship with clinical risk factors and neuropsychological testing. Fifty four (54) hemodialysis patients and 54 age, gender and education matched healthy controls (HCs) were recruited in this prospective study. QSM data were reconstructed from the original phase data of susceptibility weighted imaging to measure the susceptibility of cerebral regional major veins in all subjects and calculate their rSvO2. The differences in rSvO2 between hemodialysis patients and HCs were investigated using analysis of covariance adjusting for age and gender as covariates. Stepwise multiple regression and correlation analysis were performed between the cerebral rSvO2 and clinical factors including neuropsychological testing. The SvO2 of the bilateral cortical, thalamostriate, septal, cerebral internal and basal veins in hemodialysis patients was significantly lower than that in HCs (p < 0.001, Bonferroni corrected). The cerebral rSvO2 in all these veins was reduced by 1.67% to 2.30%. The hematocrit, iron, glucose, pre-and post-dialysis diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were independent predictive factors for the cerebral rSvO2 (all P < 0.05). The Mini-Mental State Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) scores were both lower in patients than those in HCs (both P < 0.05). The SvO2 of the left cerebral internal vein correlated with MoCA scores (r = 0.492; P = 0.02, FDR corrected). In conclusion, our study indicated that the cerebral rSvO2 was reduced in hemodialysis patients, which was the risk factor for neurocognitive impairment. The hematocrit, iron, glucose, pre-and post-dialysis DBP were independent risk factors for the cerebral rSvO2.
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