Long-Term Preservation of Bacteriophage Antimicrobials Using Sugar Glasses
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The antimicrobial activity of LISTEX P100, Salmonella CG4, and E. coli AG10 bacteriophages were preserved in pullulan-trehalose mixture as dried films and as coatings on food packaging. The phages encapsulated in pullulan-trehalose films were able to retain infectivity for up to 3 months at ambient storage conditions. Various buffers, disaccharides and disaccharide concentrations were investigated to optimize the long-term stability of the phages in the films. It was found that pullulan and trehalose need to be simultaneously present in the film to provide the stabilizing effect and that the presence of buffers that lead to the formation of crystals in the films must be avoided for phage activity to be maintained. Overall, this study describes a method of preserving bacteriophage activity in a dried format that has great potential for use as coatings, which can be used to create antimicrobial surfaces for food preparation and for food preservation.
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