Lubricant-Infused Surfaces with Built-In Functional Biomolecules Exhibit Simultaneous Repellency and Tunable Cell Adhesion Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Lubricant-infused omniphobic surfaces have exhibited outstanding effectiveness in inhibiting nonspecific adhesion and attenuating superimposed clot formation compared with other coated surfaces. However, such surfaces blindly thwart adhesion, which is troublesome for applications that rely on targeted adhesion. Here we introduce a new class of lubricant-infused surfaces that offer tunable bioactivity together with omniphobic properties by integrating biofunctional domains into the lubricant-infused layer. These novel surfaces promote targeted binding of desired species while simultaneously preventing nonspecific adhesion. To develop these surfaces, mixed self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of aminosilanes and fluorosilanes were generated. Aminosilanes were utilized as coupling molecules for immobilizing capture ligands, and nonspecific adhesion of cells and proteins was prevented by infiltrating the fluorosilane molecules with a thin layer of a biocompatible fluorocarbon-based lubricant, thus generating biofunctional lubricant-infused surfaces. This method yields surfaces that (a) exhibit highly tunable binding of anti-CD34 and anti-CD144 antibodies and adhesion of endothelial cells, while repelling nonspecific adhesion of undesirable proteins and cells not only in buffer but also in human plasma or human whole blood, and (b) attenuate blood clot formation. Therefore, this straightforward and simple method creates biofunctional, nonsticky surfaces that can be used to optimize the performance of devices such as biomedical implants, extracorporeal circuits, and biosensors.

publication date

  • November 27, 2018