Acute Interventions for Stenosed Right Ventricle-Pulmonary Artery Conduit Following the Right-Sided Modification of Norwood-Sano Procedure Academic Article uri icon

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  • INTRODUCTION: The Norwood stage 1 procedure was modified by Sano with right ventricle-pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit replacing BT shunt. In our institution, this has been further modified by placing the conduit from the RV outflow tract to the right side of the neo-aorta. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April 2002 and October 2008, 227 modified Norwood procedures were performed. Eighteen had the Sano modification with the conduit to the left of the neo-aorta whereas 209 had the right-sided modification, which is the study population. A total of 18 (8.6%) patients presented with cyanosis due to conduit stenosis with median age 4 months and median weight 6.3 kg. RESULTS: Twelve patients underwent transcatheter stent placement in stenosed RV-PA conduit. A total of 16 coronary stents were implanted in 12 patients with 4 patients each receiving 2 stents. The mean saturations increased from 60% to 74%. There was one late mortality which was non-procedure related. Five patients treated with surgical take down of the RV-PA conduit and creation of a cavo-pulmonary shunt, whilst one patient had replacement of RV-PA conduit. There were no early postoperative deaths. The mean saturations improved from 54% to 75%. CONCLUSIONS: The RV-PA conduit stenosis is a life-threatening complication after the modified Norwood Stage I procedure. This may require urgent surgery to replace the conduit or to perform a cavo-pulmonary shunt but as an alternative, transcatheter stent placement can be used with equal effectiveness and with a low risk of complications. The catheter approach is less invasive and the results show that it is an excellent option to relieve the stenosis even in the right-sided RV-PA conduit.


  • Desai, Tarak
  • Stumper, Oliver
  • Miller, Paul
  • Dhillon, Rami
  • Wright, James
  • Barron, David
  • Brawn, William
  • Jones, Tim
  • DeGiovanni, Joseph

publication date

  • November 2009