Mg^2+- or Ca^2+-Activated ATPase Activities of
Plasma Membranes Isolated from Vascular Smooth Muscle
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Studies of ATP hydrolysis by various subcellular fractions isolated from rat mesenteric arteries and veins indicate that an apparent ATPase activity, which can be activated by Mg2+ or Ca2+, is primarily associated with the plasma membranes. Although both Mg2+-activated and Ca2+-activated ATPase activities under the optimal condition are substantially lower in venous than in arterial plasma membrane fraction, their dependence on the concentration of Mg2+ and Ca2+ are quite similar in arterial as well as venous plasma membrane fractions. No synergistic effect on ATP hydrolysis was observed in the presence of both Mg2+ and Ca2+. In addition, Mg2+-activated and Ca2+-activated ATPase activities show similar pH dependence, inhibition by deoxycholate, stability toward heat inactivation and substrate specificity. Furthermore, Mg2+-activated and Ca2+-activated ATPase activities were similarly reduced in vascular smooth muscles of spontaneously hypertensive rats. These results suggest that the activation of ATP hydrolysis by Mg2+ or Ca2+ may represent a single enzyme moiety in the plasma membrane of vascular smooth muscle. The possible involvement of such ATPase in the Ca2+ transport function of vascular smooth muscle is discussed.
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