Acid and alkaline phosphatases activities in vascular smooth muscle: Species differences and subcellular distribution
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1. Acid and alkaline phosphatase activities were studied in rat and dog aortic muscle using p-nitrophenyl phosphate (p-NPP) as the substrate. Alkaline phosphatase activity was quite comparable to acid phosphatase activity in rat aortic microsomes as well as further purified plasma membranes, but considerably lower than acid phosphatase activity in dog aortic membranes. 2. Subcellular distribution of acid and alkaline phosphatase activities in these vascular muscles indicated that alkaline phosphatases and a large portion of acid phosphatase activities were primarily associated with plasma membranes and the distribution of acid phosphatase showed little resemblance to that of N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, a lysosomal marker enzyme. 3. The rat aortic plasmalemmal acid and alkaline phosphatase activities responded very differently to magnesium, fluoride, vanadate and EDTA. The alkaline phosphatase was more susceptible to heat inactivation than acid phosphatase. 4. These results suggest that these two phosphatases are likely to be two different enzymes in the smooth muscle plasma membranes. The implication of the present findings is discussed in relation to the alteration of these phosphatases in hypertensive vascular diseases.
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