Abnormal Contractile Response of Aortas from Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats to Ca2+ After Depletion of Ca2+ in Ca2+-Free Medium
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Vascular responses of aortic rings from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were compared to those of the normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) in three sets of experimental protocols. The responses to cumulative doses of KCl indicated that SHR aortic rings were hyperresponsive to low but not high doses of KCl compared to WKY aortic rings. After Ca depletion by prolonged incubation of the rat aortic rings with Ca2+-free, EGTA containing solution, Ca repletion resulted in contraction. The magnitude of such a contraction was dependent on the period of Ca depletion and was highly sensitive to dihydropyridine Ca channel blocker, nifedipine. Although the Ca-depleted aortic rings eventually developed to the same level of maximum tension development upon Ca repletion, it took a considerably shorter period of Ca depletion for SHR than for WKY aortic rings to reach the maximum contraction upon Ca repletion. Our findings support the view that cell membranes of vascular smooth muscle in hypertension are more excitable and more susceptible to membrane destabilization by Ca removal.
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