Cyclopiazonic acid and thapsigargin induce platelet aggregation resulting from Ca2+ influx through Ca2+ store-activated Ca2+- channels
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The effects of cyclopiazonic acid and thapsigargin, selective inhibitors of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase pump, on the platelet aggregation were investigated using washed rat platelets prepared by chromatography on Sepharose 2B columns. In Ca2+-free medium, cyclopiazonic acid and thapsigargin did not induce aggregation, but in the presence of 1 mM Ca2+, platelet aggregation was induced in a concentration-dependent manner. Cyclopiazonic acid- and thapsigargin-induced platelet aggregation was blocked by 1 mM Ni2+ but not by 100 microM indomethacin or 1 microM nifedipine. In aequorin-loaded platelets, cyclopiazonic acid and thapsigargin caused sustained elevation of the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration, an effect which was blocked by Ni2+, a non-selective Ca2+ channel blocker and SK&F 96365 (1-[beta-[3-(4-methoxyphenyl)propoxy]-4-methoxyphenyl]-1H-imidazole hydrochloride), a putative receptor-operated Ca2+ channel antagonist. The above results indicated that both cyclopiazonic acid and thapsigargin induced platelet aggregation and elevation of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration, that extracellular Ca2+ was essential for cyclopiazonic acid- and thapsigargin-induced platelet aggregation, and that platelet aggregation may be associated with Ca2+ influx through Ca2+ store-activated Ca2+ channels.
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