Capsaicin-induced airway obstruction in tracheally perfused guinea pig lungs.
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The neurokinin receptors responsible for transducing the airway obstruction resulting from capsaicin infusion were defined in the tracheally perfused guinea pig lung. In this lung preparation, buffer is perfused via the trachea and allowed to exit the lung through numerous small holes in the pleural surface; airway obstruction is monitored as the backpressure (Pao) generated at a constant perfusion flow rate. Infusion of the specific NK1 receptor agonist, Sar-9 Met02(11) substance P, resulted in an increase in Pao; this effect was prevented by the NK1 receptor antagonist CP 99,994 but not by the NK2 receptor antagonist SR 48,968. Infusion of the specific NK2 receptor agonist Nle10-neurokinin A 4-10 resulted in an increase in Pao; this effect was prevented by the NK2 receptor antagonist SR 48,968 but not by the NK1 receptor antagonist CP 99,994. In the absence of NK receptor antagonists, infusion of capsaicin resulted in a significant increase in Pao, 31 +/- 4 cm H2O. In the presence of the NK1 receptor antagonist, the capsaicin response was not diminished, but in the presence of the NK2 receptor antagonist, the Pao response diminished to only 10 +/- 2 cm H2O, p < 0.001. These data indicate that when capsaicin is presented to the epithelial surface of the lung the resulting airway obstruction is mediated predominantly by NK2 receptor stimulation.
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