The effect of M&B 22948 on methacholine- and histamine-induced contraction and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate levels in guinea-pig tracheal tissue
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The effect of a cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor, M&B 22948, on methacholine- and histamine-induced contraction and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) elevation was studied in guinea-pig tracheal rings. After addition of methacholine or histamine the rise in IP3 content was rapid and transient reaching a maximum after 5-15 s, which coincided with the maximum rate of tension development. Cyclic GMP levels of the tissue were elevated by M&B 22948 before agonist stimulation and further elevated by addition of methacholine or histamine. Cyclic AMP levels were not altered by any of these agents. M&B 22948 abolished IP3 generation induced by methacholine or histamine, but did not alter the rate or magnitude of tension development. Thus, IP3 generation does not appear to be responsible for the contractions induced by methacholine or histamine in this tissue.
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