A Multi-Element Isotopic Tracer Assessment of True Fractional Absorption of Minerals from Formula with Additives of Calcium, Phosphorus, Zinc, Copper and Iron in Young Piglets Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • True fractional absorption of minerals was measured to determine the bioavailability of Zn, Fe, Mn and Se from liquid formulas fortified with stepwise additions of Ca and P (as Ca glycerophosphate and carbonate, Ca*P), and Zn, Cu and Fe (as sulfate salts). Growth, deposition of tracers in organs and bone mineral content of femurs as assessed by single photon absorptiometry were measured. Four-day-old piglets (n = 36) were randomly assigned to groups fed a basal diet or additions of Ca*P (Ca = 25, P = 18 g/kg dry diet), Ca*P+Zn (Zn = 0.04 g/kg), Ca*P+Zn+Cu (Cu = 0.007 g/kg) or Ca*P+Zn+Cu+Fe (Fe = 0.008 g/kg). Oral and intravenous administration of extrinsic isotopes of 59Fe, 54Mn, 65Zn, 75Se and 47Ca was followed by fecal monitoring for 15 d and true absorption calculated after accounting for endogenous excretion. Addition of Ca*P+Zn reduced Zn absorption (P < 0.05) and Ca*P+Zn+Cu reduced Fe absorption (P < 0.01), but Mn and Se absorptions were not altered. Uptake of only Zn tracer into heart was significantly different (P < 0.05) among diet groups. Weight gain and linear growth were similar in all groups. Addition of Ca*P produced higher bone mineral density, but its effect on Zn absorption warrants further investigation.

publication date

  • September 1, 1993