Background. This analysis examined the efficacy of fidaxomicin versus vancomycin in 406 Canadian patients withClostridium difficileinfection (CDI), based on data from 2 randomized, clinical trials.Methods. Patients received fidaxomicin or vancomycin 1. Patients were assessed for clinical response recurrence of infection and sustained clinical response for 28 days after treatment completion. Patients at increased risk of recurrence were subjected to subgroup analyses.Results. Clinical response rates for fidaxomicin (90.0%) were noninferior to those with vancomycin (92.2%; 95% confidence interval for difference: −7.7, 3.5). However, fidaxomicin-treated patients had lower recurrence (14.4% versus 28.0%,) and higher sustained clinical response (77.1% versus 66.3%,). Compared with vancomycin, fidaxomicin was associated with lower recurrence rates in all subgroups, reaching statistical significance in patients with age ≥ 65 years (16.0% versus 30.9%,), concomitant antibiotic use (16.2% versus 38.7%,), and non-BI strains (11.8% versus 28.3%,). Higher sustained clinical response rates were observed for fidaxomicin compared with vancomycin in all subgroups; this was statistically significant in the non-BI subgroup (82.8% versus 69.1%,).Conclusions. In Canadian patients, fidaxomicin was superior to vancomycin in sustaining clinical response and reducing CDI recurrence.