Pseudopolycythemia, pseudothrombocytopenia, and pseudoleukopenia due to overfilling of blood collection vacuum tubes.
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A patient blood sample with an unexpectedly high hemoglobin level, high hematocrit, low white blood cell count, and low platelet count was recognized as being spurious based on previously available data. Repeated testing of the original sample showed a gradual return of all parameters to expected levels. We provide evidence that the overfilling of blood collection vacuum tubes can lead to inadequate sample mixing and that, in combination with the settling of the cellular contents in the collection tubes, can result in spuriously abnormal hematological parameters as estimated by an automated method.
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