Direct Imaging of Nanoparticle Embedding to Probe Viscoelasticity of Polymer Surfaces Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Atomic force microscopy was used to study the embedding of gold nanoparticles into the surface of polystyrene films. The rate of embedding was determined at temperatures near the bulk glass transition temperature T(g) by measuring the apparent nanosphere height as a function of annealing time. In particular, relative height measurements of the adhered particles were made at temperatures below the bulk T(g) value. In the absence of enhanced surface dynamics or yield processes no embedding is expected to occur for T

publication date

  • July 4, 2003