Assembly of silver nanoparticles on nanowires into ordered nanostructures with femtosecond laser radiation
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In this work, we show that well-ordered structures of silver nanoparticles on nanowire substrates can be produced by irradiation with femtosecond (fs) laser pulses at fluences ranging from 10.3 to 15.9 mJ/cm2 if the direction of polarization is parallel to the long axis of the nanowire. Experimental results show that a uniformly spaced distribution of nanoparticles is more readily produced on nanowires with lengths L≤2λ, where λ=800 nm is the laser wavelength. The distribution of nanoparticles is found to become less well organized as L≥2λ. Finite element method simulations, combined with experimental observations, indicate that nanoparticles are initially distributed in response to the electric field along the clean Ag nanowire arising from optical excitation. This electric field is responsible for the attraction of nanoparticles to certain locations on the nanowire. We show how a fs-laser-driven assembly of nanoparticles on nanowires can be used in the development of a nanoscale optical logic processor. This method of creating periodic arrays of metallic nanoparticles on nanowire substrates then has many possible applications in electro-optics.
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