Retrospective cardiac gating: A review of technical aspects and future directions
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The advent of short TR gradient-echo imaging has made it possible to acquire cine images of the heart with conventional whole body MRI scanners. In this paper, technical details of the data collection and image reconstruction process for cine MRI using retrospective cardiac gating are presented. Specifically, the following issues are discussed: data sorting and interpolation; time resolution; motion compensation and phase information; the type of steady state sequence including optimal flip angle; respiratory motion and correction; and the potential of 3D imaging.
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