Sorption and desorption kinetics of Np(V) on magnetite and hematite Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Sorption kinetics of Np(V) on magnetite and hematite were investigated, and a sequential desorption method was applied to investigate changes in the chemical form of Np sorbed according to the amount of time they were in contact with the Np solution. It was found that the sorption process consists of fast sorption and slow sorption which reaches equilibrium in 1 h. According to the desorption results, it was conjectured (i) that fast sorption is attributable to sorption on/into the surface and non-crystalline phases of iron oxides for magnetite and hematite in both acidic and alkaline solutions, (ii) that sorption on/into the crystalline phase also contributes to fast sorption for hematite in an alkaline solution, and (iii) that slow sorption represents sorption into the crystalline phase of magnetite in both acidic and alkaline solutions and that of hematite in an acidic solution. From the results of sorption and desorption kinetics, it was concluded that the equilibrium between various chemical forms of sorbed Np was achieved in about 1 week, although the amount of sorbed Np reached an equilibrium in only 1 h.

publication date

  • 2009