Noncontact Wearable Wireless ECG Systems for Long-Term Monitoring
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Electrocardiography (ECG) is the most common and extensively used vital sign monitoring method in modern healthcare systems. Different designs of ambulatory ECG systems were developed as alternatives to the commonly used 12-lead clinical ECG systems. These designs primarily focus on portability and user convenience, while maintaining signal integrity and lowering power consumption. Here, a wireless ECG monitoring system is developed using flexible and dry capacitive electrodes for long-term monitoring of cardiovascular health. Our capacitive-coupled dry electrodes can measure ECG signals over a textile-based interface material between the skin and electrodes. The electrodes are connected to a data acquisition system that receives the raw ECG signals from the electrodes and transmits the data using Bluetooth to a computer. A software application was developed to process, store, and display the ECG signal in real time. ECG measurements were obtained over different types of textile materials and in the presence of body movements. Our experimental results show that the performance of our ECG system is comparable to other reported ECG monitoring systems. In addition, to put this research into perspective, recent ambulatory ECG monitoring systems, ECG systems-on-chip, commercial ECG monitoring systems, and different state-of-the-art ECG systems are reviewed, compared, and critically discussed.
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