Mucosal delivery of CpG oligodeoxynucleotides expands functional dendritic cells and macrophages in the vagina
- Additional Document Info
- View All
Antigen-presenting cells (APC) are specialized sentinel cells that sense pathogens within tissues and then activate appropriate immune effector cells in lymphoid organs. Recent evidence, however, suggests that APC can also induce effector cells in non-lymphoid organs. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of intravaginal (IVAG) delivery of CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) on expansion of resident genital APC. Our results show that delivery of CpG-ODN to the murine genital tract induced a rapid and significant, but transient expansion of genital APC in situ. As early as 12 hr post CpG-ODN delivery, we observed an enhanced level of F4/80+ major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-negative macrophages in the genital tissue. This was followed by increased levels of F4/80/MHC class II double-positive cells, as well as MHC class II, CD11c and CD86 triple-positive dendritic cells (DC) at 48 hr. Expanded APC levels at 48 hr post CpG-ODN resulted in increased ability of genital cells to induce an allogenic mixed leucocyte reaction. By 72 hr after CpG-ODN treatment, APC levels were not distinguishable from naive levels. Therefore, these results clearly show that administration of CpG-ODN to the genital tract induced a marked but transient enhancement of APC within the genital tissue, and that these APC appear to possess functional capacity. Furthermore, these results indicate that IVAG-CpG-ODN may be an important factor for the enhancement of local antigen presentation in the genital tract through increased DC numbers.
has subject area