Observation of Disorder-Induced 2D Mott-Hubbard States of the Alkali-Earth Metal (Mg,Ba)-Adsorbed Si(111) Surface
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We report evidence of a disorder-driven Mott-Hubbard-type localization on the alkali-earth metal (AEM) (Mg,Ba)-adsorbed Si(111)-(7x7) surface. The clean metallic Si(111) surface is found to undergo a two-dimensional (2D) metal-insulator transition as randomly distributed AEM adsorbates cause disorder on the surface. A well-defined electron-energy-loss peak unique to the insulating phase is attributed to an interband excitation between the split Hubbard bands originated from a metallic surface band at Fermi energy. A quantitative analysis of the loss peak reveals that the AEM-induced insulating surfaces are of a Mott-Hubbard type driven essentially by disorder.
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