Relative Change in Diurnal Mean Ocular Perfusion Pressure: A Risk Factor for the Diagnosis of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma
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PURPOSE: To investigate diurnal change and pattern of variation in intraocular pressure (IOP) and systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DSP) blood pressures in a group with untreated primary open-angle glaucoma (uPOAG) and compare it with an age-matched, normal group. METHODS: IOP, SBP, and DBP were measured in 14 patients with uPOAG and in 14 normal subjects, every hour between 7 AM and 10 PM and the mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP) was calculated. Mixed-effect linear models were used to analyze the repeated-measures data in which both fixed and random effects were included. The relative diurnal change was calculated as the percentage decrease from maximum. RESULTS: The uPOAG group had the higher IOP (P < 0.001) and lower MOPP (P = 0.025). There was a significant diurnal change in IOP, SBP, DBP, and MOPP in both groups (P < 0.001). The pattern of diurnal variation in IOP (P = 0.137), SBP (P = 0.569), and DBP (P = 0.937) was not significantly different between groups but was significantly different for MOPP (P = 0.040). MOPP and IOP were most similar at 7 AM and 1 PM. Postprandial hypotension was significant for SBP, DBP, and MOPP (P < 0.001), but not IOP (P = 0.388) in both groups. The relative change in MOPP was larger in the uPOAG group (38% vs. 26%, P < 0.001), but the change in IOP was similar (42% vs. 41%, P = 0.786). There was a significant effect of DBP on IOP over the course of the day in the uPOAG group (P = 0.011) but not in the normal group (P = 0.733). CONCLUSIONS: The relative diurnal change in IOP was similar in both uPOAG and normal subjects but MOPP showed a significant difference. MOPP significantly decreased after lunch, and was at its lowest in uPOAG at 7 AM, when IOP was at its highest. A significant association was found between diurnal DBP and IOP in uPOAG.
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