Altered health status and quality of life in South Asians with coronary artery disease
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BACKGROUND: People of South Asian (SA) ancestry are susceptible to coronary artery disease (CAD). Although studies suggest that SA with CAD has a worse prognosis compared with Europeans, it is unknown whether corresponding differences in functional status and quality-of-life (QOL) measures exist. Accordingly, we compared symptoms, function, and QOL in SA and European Canadians with CAD using the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ). METHODS: Using the Alberta Provincial Project for Outcomes Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease, an outcomes registry that captures patients undergoing cardiac catheterization in Alberta, Canada, we identified 635 SA and 18,934 European patients with angiographic CAD from January 1995 to December 2006 who reported health status outcomes using the SAQ at 1 year after the index catheterization. To obtain comparable clinical variables among SA and Europeans, we used a propensity score-matching technique. RESULTS: One-year adjusted mean (SD) scores were significantly lower in SA compared with European Canadians for most SAQ domains: exertional capacity (75  vs 80 , P = .011), anginal stability (77  vs 77 , P = .627), anginal frequency (86  vs 88 , P < .001), treatment satisfaction (86  vs 89 , P < .001), and SAQ QOL (71  vs 76 , P < .001). These results could not be accounted for by differences in baseline QOL scores or changes in health status from baseline to 1 year. CONCLUSION: South Asian Canadians with established CAD have significantly worse health status outcomes at 1 year after angiography compared with European Canadians. Further studies are warranted to improve functional outcomes in SA with CAD.
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