The role of mast cell degranulation products in mast cell hyperplasia. I. Mechanism of action of nerve growth factor.
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A variety of mast cell degranulating agents have previously been shown to induce mast cell hyperplasia in adult rats. In neonates 2.5 S nerve growth factor (NGF) induces a hyperplasia of both mucosal and connective tissue mast cells (MMC and CTMC). We have examined the role of the potent mast cell degranulating properties of NGF on its ability to induce mast cell hyperplasia. Administration of NGF in combination with the mast cell stabilizing agent disodium cromoglycate was found to abrogate the CTMC hyperplasia induced by NGF alone. Treatment of neonatal rats with the alternate degranulating agent compound 48/80 was found to induce a limited CTMC but not a MMC hyperplasia. A supernatant obtained by degranulating purified adult rat peritoneal mast cells with anti-IgE was found to induce hyperplasia of the CTMC population similar to that observed with NGF administration. However, this degranulation product supernatant only induced a limited MMC hyperplasia as judged by RMCP II content of the tissues. These results suggest that NGF has dual action inducing mast cell hyperplasia; CTMC hyperplasia being dependent on the ability of NGF to degranulate mast cells. MMC hyperplasia induced by NGF is independent of CTMC degranulation. Degranulation products from peritoneal mast cells act to increase both MMC and CTMC populations in the neonate. These data suggest that the CTMC population may be regulated by an autocrine positive feedback mechanism in vivo.
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