Early‐stage Hodgkin lymphoma in the modern era: simulation modelling to delineate long‐term patient outcomes Journal Articles uri icon

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  • SummaryWe developed a novel simulation model integrating multiple data sets to project long‐term outcomes with contemporary therapy for early‐stage Hodgkin lymphoma (ESHL), namely combined modality therapy (CMT) versus chemotherapy alone (CA) via 18F‐fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography response‐adaption. The model incorporated 3‐year progression‐free survival (PFS), probability of cure with/without relapse, frequency of severe late effects (LEs), and 35‐year probability of LEs. Furthermore, we generated estimates for quality‐adjusted life years (QALYs) and unadjusted survival (life years, LY) and used model projections to compare outcomes for CMTversusCA for two index patients. Patient 1: a 25‐year‐old male with favourable ESHL (stage IA); Patient 2: a 25‐year‐old female with unfavourable ESHL (stage IIB). Sensitivity analyses assessed the impact of alternative assumptions for LE probabilities. For Patient 1, CMT was superior to CA (CMT incremental gain = 0·11 QALYs, 0·21 LYs). For Patient 2, CA was superior to CMT (CA incremental gain = 0·37 QALYs, 0·92 LYs). For Patient 1, the advantage of CMT changed minimally when the proportion of severe LEs was reduced from 20% to 5% (0·15 QALYs, 0·43 LYs), whereas increasing the severity proportion for Patient 2's LEs from 20% to 80% enhanced the advantage of CA (1·1 QALYs, 6·5 LYs). Collectively, this detailed simulation model quantified the long‐term impact that varied host factors and alternative contemporary treatments have in ESHL.


  • Parsons, Susan K
  • Kelly, Michael J
  • Cohen, Joshua T
  • Castellino, Sharon M
  • Henderson, Tara O
  • Kelly, Kara M
  • Keller, Frank G
  • Henzer, Tobi J
  • Kumar, Anita J
  • Johnson, Peter
  • Meyer, Ralph
  • Radford, John
  • Raemaekers, John
  • Hodgson, David C
  • Evens, Andrew M

publication date

  • July 2018