Localization of the basic protein and lipophilin in the myelin membrane with a non-penetrating reagent
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The localization of proteins in myelin was studied by the use of a non-penetrating reagent. Tritiated 4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-ditritiostilbene disulfonic acid was used to label the isolated myelin membrane. The membrane was labelled, the basic protein and the hydrophobic protein, lipophilin, were isolated. After 10 min of exposure to the reagent, the specific activity of lipophilin was found to be 10 times greater than that of the basic protein. Water shock did not alter the specific activities. However, sonication increased the specific activity of lipophilin but not that of basic protein. When the isolated proteins were labelled with 3H-labelled 4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-ditritiostilbene disulfonic acid, the specific activity of the basic protein was 10 times that of lipophilin. We concluded that the low specific activity of basic protein isolated from the labelled membrane was due to the inaccessible position of this protein in the membrane bilayer.
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