Lipopeptaibols, a novel family of membrane active, antimicrobial peptides Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • Lipopeptaibols are members of a novel group of naturally occurring, short peptides with antimicrobial activity, characterized by a lipophilic acyl chain at the N-terminus, a high content of the turn/helix forming alpha-aminoisobutyric acid and a 1,2-amino alcohol at the C-terminus. The amino acid sequences range from 6 to 10 residues and the fatty acyl moieties from 8 to 15 carbon atoms. The peptide portion of lipopeptaibols can be shorter than those of the nonlipidated peptaibols that range from 10 to 19 amino acid residues. The longest peptides fold into a mixed 3(10)/alpha helix, whereas the shortest peptides tend to adopt a beta-turn/sheet structure. Using solution methodologies, a series of analogues of trichogin GA IV was synthesized which allowed determination of the minimal lipid chain and peptide main-chain lengths for the onset of membrane activity and exploitation of a number of spectroscopic techniques aimed at determining its preferred conformation under a variety of conditions and investigating in detail its mode of interaction with, and its effect on, the phospholipid membranes.

authors

  • Toniolo, C
  • Crisma, M
  • Formaggio, F
  • Peggion, C
  • Epand, RF
  • Epand, Richard

publication date

  • August 2001

has subject area