Inhibition of the calcium pump by human parathyroid hormone-(1-34) and human calcitonin in liver plasma membranes.
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The effect of human parathyroid hormone-(1-34) (hPTH) and human calcitonin (hCT) on the activity of the Ca2(+)-extrusion pump in liver plasma membranes was studied. Both hormones were found to be potent inhibitors of Ca2+ transport and the related high-affinity (Ca2(+)-Mg2+)-ATPase activity, causing maximal inhibition of 25-30% at concentrations of 100 nM. Half-maximal inhibition was observed with 20 nM-hPTH and with 0.5 nM-hCT. By comparison, salmon calcitonin and intact bovine parathyroid hormone-(1-84) were inhibitory only at 10 microM. The effects of hCT and hPTH on the Ca2+ pump activity were not mimicked by cyclic AMP. Also, 10 microM of either hPTH-(1-34) or hCT did not alter the 45Ca2+ influx rate into isolated hepatocytes. We conclude that inhibition of Ca2+ efflux, rather than the stimulation of Ca2+ influx, may play a functional role in the control of hepatic calcium homeostasis by hPTH-(1-34) and hCT.
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