Nα-Trinitrophenyl glucagon An inhibitor of glucagon-stimulated cyclic AMP production and its effects on glycogenolysis
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Nalpha-Trinitrophenyl glucagon was prepared by reaction with trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid and purified by ion-exchange chromatography. This derivative has essentially no ability to activate adenylate cyclase from rat liver nor to increase the levels of cyclic AMP in isolated hepatocytes nor to stimulate protein kinase activity. This derivative also can act as a glucagon antagonist with regard to cyclic AMP production and can decrease the degree of stimulation of adenylate cyclase caused by glucagon, as well as lowering the glucagon-stimulated elevation of cyclic AMP levels in intact hepatocytes. Nevertheless, this derivative is capable of activating glycogenolysis in isolated hepatocytes and in augmenting the effect of glucagon on glycogenolysis. This metabolic effect of the glucagon derivative thus appears to occur independent of changes in cyclic AMP levels. These results suggest that glucagon can also activate glycogenolysis by a cyclic AM-independent process.
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