The apparent preferential interaction of human plasma high density apolipoprotein A-I with gel-state phospholipids
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The enthalpy, entropy and free energy of activation was measured for the transfer of the tryptophan residues of apolipoprotein A-I from a more hydrophobic environment of a lipoprotein particle containing dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (with or without 12% cholesterol) to an aqueous solvent in the presence of varying concentrations of guanidinium chloride. The free energy of activation was approximately 25 kcal/mol at 50 degrees C for all the conditions studied. The enthalpy of activation was greatest under conditions where a large degree of unfolding occurs when the protein dissociated from lipid. However, under these conditions the unfavourable activation enthalpy was compensated for by a favourable activation entropy resulting in the insensitivity of the free energy of activation to the condition of measurement. Apolipoprotein A-I has an apparent affinity for gel-state lipid which results from the very slow rate of dissociation of the lipoprotein particle below 40 degrees C. It is unlikely that the association of apolipoprotein A-I with dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine is thermodynamically stable only in the temperature region of the phase transition but that the association exhibits a large kinetic stability, especially at lower temperatures or in the absence of guanidinium chloride.
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