Role of peptide structure in lipid-peptide interactions: a fluorescence study of the binding of pentagastrin-related pentapeptides to phospholipid vesicles Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • The binding of pentagastrin and three other structurally related pentapeptides to phospholipid vesicles has been studied by fluorescence spectroscopy. The fluorescence of the tryptophan residues of these peptides exhibits an increased quantum yield upon binding to phospholipid vesicles. This is accompanied by a blue shift of the maximum emission, indicative of the incorporation of the tryptophan residue into a more hydrophobic environment. The affinity of the peptides for a zwitterionic phospholipid, dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC), increases in the following order: N-t-Boc-beta-Ala-Trp-Met-Gly-Phe-NH2 greater than N-t-Boc-beta-Ala-Trp-Met-Arg-Phe-NH2 greater than N-t-Boc-beta-Ala-Trp-Met-Asp-Phe-NH2 greater than N-t-Boc-beta-Ala-Trp-Met-Phe-Asp-NH2. Comparison of the interaction of these various peptides with this phospholipid indicates that although the interaction is largely of hydrophobic nature, the structure of the polar amino acids and their electrostatic charge have significant influence on the nature of the bindings. In addition, the sequence of polar and apolar amino acids appears to be of importance. The higher affinity for DMPC of N-t-Boc-beta-Ala-Trp-Met-Asp-Phe-NH2 as compared to its "reversed" analogue N-t-Boc-beta-Ala-Trp-Met-Phe-Asp-NH2 suggests that the ability of the peptides to fold into amphiphatic structures can enhance their lipid binding affinity. For all peptides the interaction with DMPC is greater at 8 degrees C, i.e., below the lipid phase transition temperature, than at 40 degrees C, i.e., above the lipid phase transition temperature.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • December 1984

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