Studies on the mechanism of action of a bilayer stabilizing inhibitor of protein kinase C: Cholesterylphosphoryldimethylethanolamine
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Cholesterylphosphoryldimethylethanolamine is a zwitterionic compound which is a good bilayer stabilizer. As has been found with many other compounds having these properties, cholesterylphosphoryldimethylethanolamine is found to be a potent inhibitor of protein kinase C in both vesicle and micelle assay systems. The kinetics of the inhibition in Triton X-100 micelles was non-competitive with respect to ATP, histone, diolein, phorbol ester and Ca2+. It has a Ki of about 30 microns. The inhibition kinetics as a function of phosphatidylserine concentration is more complex but suggestive of competitive inhibition. Cholesterylphosphoryldimethylethanolamine does not prevent the partitioning of protein kinase C into the membrane. This inhibitor lowers the Ca2+-phosphatidylserine-independent phosphorylation of protamine sulfate by protein kinase C and directly affects the catalytic segment of the enzyme generated by tryptic hydrolysis. Thus, this zwitterionic bilayer stabilizing inhibitor of protein kinase C both competes with the binding of phosphatidylserine as well as affects the active site of protein kinase C.
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