Factors determining pressure perturbation calorimetry measurements: evidence for the formation of metastable states at lipid phase transitions
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The factors that influence the application of pressure perturbation calorimetry in studying the volume change of the phase transition of lipids are discussed. These factors include a correction for the temperature-shift induced by perturbation, the kinetic irreversibility of the phase transition and the magnitude of the pressure perturbation. We take into account the fact that the dependence of the phase transition temperature on pressure will affect the temperature-shift induced by pressure. As a result, there is a discrepancy between the compression part of the cycle and the expansion. In addition, sequential cycles lead to a gradual loss in magnitude of the heat effect upon pressure perturbation. We suggest that these phenomena can be explained by the formation of a metastable glass-like state that converts to a stable phase at temperatures removed from the region of the phase transition.
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