The existence of a highly ordered phase in fully hydrated dilauroylphosphatidylethanolamine
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Dilauroylphosphatidylethanolamine dispersion forms a crystalline phase at physiological pH and temperature and in the presence of excess water. This phenomenon was observed and studied by differential scanning calorimetry, scanning densitometry and X-ray diffraction. The crystalline phase is stable at pH 5.5-9.5 and below 40 degrees C. The crystalline phase formed at pH 5.5 and pH 9.5 index according to orthorhombic cells with a = 9.41, b = 8.15, c = 46.0 and a = 9.33, b = 8.05, c = 45.8 (A), respectively. Around 43 degrees C, the crystalline phase is transformed into a multilayer liquid crystal phase. Cooling from 44 degrees C results in the disappearance of the original transition at 43 degrees C and the appearance of a second transition at around 30 degrees C. Below 30 degrees C the lipid forms a gel phase. This gel phase is metastable at pH 5.5 and a crystalline phase may be recovered from it by dispersing or aging methods. Suspensions of dilauroylphosphatidylethanolamine show similar phase transition behaviour at pH 5.5 and pH 9.5, although the transitions are somewhat broader at the higher pH. The thermotropic phase behaviour of dilauroylphosphatidylethanolamine dispersions may be governed by changes in hydration.
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