Interaction of glucagon with dimyristoyl glycerophosphocholine
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Glucagon can form amphipathic helices and can interact with dimyristoyl glycerophosphocholine at temperatures below the phase transition leading to a shift in the fluorescence emission maximum of tryptophan from 350 to 338 nm and a 3-fold enhancement of fluorescence intensity as well as a change in the polarization of fluorescence. The circular dichroism properties of the lipid-associated glucagon indicates that it has an increased content of alpha-helix. The phase transition temperature of the lipid as monitored by pyrene excimer fluorescence is not altered by interaction with glucagon although at higher glucagon/lipid ratios a decrease in excimer formation is noted at low temperature. Above the phase transition temperature, the addition of lipid has no effect on the fluorescence emission or circular dichroism of glucagon. Thus this hormone can interact with dimyristoyl glycerophosphocholine and this interaction is stronger below the phase transition temperature than above it.
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