An animal model of allogeneic donor platelet refractoriness: the effect of the time of leukodepletion.
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Approximately 50% of multi-transfused individuals become refractory to random donor platelets. Recent clinical data suggest that those patients receiving leukocyte-depleted blood products are less likely to become refractory to random donor platelets than recipients of non-leukocyte-depleted products. Leukocyte depletion can be performed immediately after collection of a unit of whole blood before its storage (prestorage leukodepletion) or just before the transfusion of the blood product to a recipient, after its storage (poststorage leukodepletion). However, the most appropriate time for the leukodepletion of blood products has not been established. The present study was undertaken to establish an animal model of allogeneic platelet refractoriness, and to compare the effect of prestorage and poststorage leukodepletion on the frequency of refractoriness to allogeneic donor platelets. In this model, two strains of rabbits were used: California Black rabbits were used as blood donors, while New Zealand White rabbits were used as recipients. Eight weekly infusions of nonleukodepleted allogeneic fresh blood resulted in an allogeneic platelet refractory rate of 91.2% (31/34). The prestorage leukodepletion of the donor blood was associated with a significantly higher allogeneic platelet survival and lower refractory rate (33.3%) to allogeneic platelets than poststorage leukodepletion (66.7%). Furthermore, the data suggest that cell-free plasma products are capable of inducing refractoriness to allogeneic donor platelets; the stored plasma having a greater likelihood of inducing such refractoriness than fresh plasma. Thus, these data provide evidence that the prestorage leukodepletion of allogeneic donor blood is associated with a lower frequency of refractoriness and better allogeneic platelet survival than poststorage leukodepletion.
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