Comparison of changes in lung function measured by plethymography and IOS after bronchoprovocation
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AIM: Lung function tests are essential for the diagnosis and management of bronchial asthma. Impulse oscillation (IOS) system is an alternative way to measure lung mechanics for some patients. We investigated the relative sensitivities of IOS, body plethysmography and spirometry in detecting allergen- and methacholine-induced bronchoconstriction. METHOD: Twenty-two subjects had single allergen inhalation and 8 subjects had 3 methacholine challenges. The tests were stopped when FEV1 fell by 20%. Lung function was measured using IOS (R5, R20, R5-R20, X5, AX, fres), plethysmography (sRaw, sGaw, FRC, lung volumes) and spirometry (FEV1, FVC, PEF, FEF50%) during inhalation challenges, and expressed as percent change from pre-challenge baseline. RESULTS: All subjects were non-smoking adults with mild allergic asthma. Following allergen challenges, the most sensitive IOS index was R5-R20 and the most sensitive plethysmography and spirometry measurements were sRaw, sGaw and FEF50%. Following methacholine challenge the most sensitive IOS index was AX, the most sensitive plethysmography measurement was sRaw. Overall, IOS (R5-R20, AX, X5Hz) proved to be more sensitive than plethysmography and spirometry measurements following allergen-induced and methacholine-induced bronchoconstriction. CONCLUSION: Our result shows that IOS is more sensitive than other lung function tests following allergen and methacholine challenge. In addition, IOS can act as an alternative measurement technique of airway resistance and obstruction in patients where manoeuvres involved in plethysmography and spirometry prove difficult to perform.
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