In vivo accuracy of two intraparenchymal intracranial pressure monitors
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PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vivo accuracy of the new Pressio(®) device for intraparenchymal monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) versus the Codman(®) device and intraventricular measurement external ventricular drainage (EVD). METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively for 30 consecutive patients admitted into a 25-bed neurosurgical intensive care unit of a university hospital between January and December 2009. Patients received both intraventricular and intraparenchymal ICP monitoring with Pressio(®) (n = 15) or Codman(®) (n = 15). RESULTS: We obtained 3,089 data points from the 30 patients. Mean difference between intraparenchymal and EVD pressure (bias) was -0.6 mmHg, and limits of agreement (1.96 SD of the bias) were -8.1 to 6.9 mmHg with Pressio(®) and 0.3 mmHg with limits of agreement of -6.7 to 7.1 mmHg with Codman(®) (NS). The temporal difference was -0.7 ± 1.6 mmHg/100 h of monitoring with Pressio(®) and 0.1 ± 1.6 mmHg/100 h of monitoring with Codman(®) over the study period (NS). CONCLUSIONS: Intraparenchymal pressure measured with both transducers approximates intraventricular cerebrospinal fluid pressure with an accuracy of ±7 mmHg.
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