Synthesis and dopamine receptor modulating activity of lactam conformationally constrained analogs of Pro-Leu-Gly-NH2
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A series of analogues of the potent analogue of Pro-Leu-Gly-NH2 (PLG), 2-oxo-3(R)-[(2(S)-pyrrolidinylcarbonyl)amino]-1-pyrrolidineacet amide (2) were synthesized in which the (R)-gamma-lactam residue of 2 was replaced with a (R)-beta-lactam, (R)-aminosuccinimide, (R)-cycloseryl, (R)-delta-lactam, (R)-epsilon-lactam, or (S)-epsilon-lactam residue to give analogues 3-8, respectively. These substitutions were made so as to vary the psi 2 torsion angle. The analogues were tested for their ability to enhance the binding of the dopamine receptor agonist ADTN to the dopamine receptor. Analogues 3-6 and 8 exhibited dose-response curves that were bell-shaped in nature with the maximum effect occurring at a concentration of 1 microM. Analogue 7 was inactive. Analogues 3 and 4 were found to be as effective as PLG, while analogues 5, 6, and 8 appeared to be more effective than PLG in terms of enhancing the binding of ADTN to dopamine receptors. The activity of analogues 3-6 and 8 with their psi 2 angles in the vicinity of that observed in a type II beta-turn is consistent with the hypothesis that this type of turn is the bioactive conformation of PLG.
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