Opioid receptors in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells: Evidence for distinct morphine (μ) and enkephalin (δ) binding sites Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells exhibited a heterogeneous population of mu and delta types of opioid binding sites. These specific binding sites displayed the characteristic saturability, stereospecificity and reversibility, expected of a receptor. Scatchard analysis of [3H]-D-Ala2-D-Leu5-enkephalin (DADLE) in the presence of 10(-5) M D-Pro4-morphiceptin (to block the mu receptors) and the competitive displacement by various highly selective ligands yielded the binding parameters of delta sites which closely resemble those of the delta receptors in brain and mouse neuroblastoma clones. Similarly, the high affinity binding of [3H]-dihydromorphine, together with the higher potency of morphine analogues to displace [3H]-naloxone binding established the presence of mu sites. Guanine nucleotides and NaCl significantly inhibited the association and increased the dissociation of [3H]-DADLE binding. The observed heterogeneity of opioid receptors in cultured SH-SY5Y cells would serve as an excellent model for the biochemical and pharmacological characterization of brain opiate receptors.

publication date

  • June 1986