The epsilon subunit and inhibitory monoclonal antibodies interact with the carboxyl-terminal region of the beta subunit of Escherichia coli F1-ATPase.
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The epitopes of two classes of monoclonal antibody and the binding site for the epsilon subunit have been mapped to the carboxyl-terminal region of the beta subunit of Escherichia coli F1-ATPase using partial CNBr cleavage, weak acid hydrolysis, and Western blots. One class of antibody, B-I, inhibits ATPase activity; the other class, B-II, recognizes an epitope not exposed on the surface of intact F1. Data from two-dimensional gels and blots of beta cleaved with CNBr/weak acid showed that the B-I epitope lies between Asp-381 and the carboxyl-terminal Leu-459, and the B-II epitope lies between Asp-345 and Met-380. Weak acid hydrolysis of the beta-epsilon product obtained by cross-linking F1 with a water-soluble carbodiimide yielded a fragment containing epsilon and a 13-kDa carboxyl-terminal fragment of beta indicating that epsilon interacts with this portion of beta as well. Fab fragments from the B-I antibody beta-6 could be cross-linked to the epsilon subunit in native F1 by various cross-linking agents demonstrating that the antibody and the epsilon subunit occupy adjacent, nonoverlapping sites on the beta subunit. Implications of these results for the roles of the epsilon subunit and of the carboxyl-terminal region of the beta subunit in F1 are discussed.
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